Our Hanover & York, PA Podiatrists are Experts in Treating Foot & Ankle Pain


 

HEEL PAIN

Plantar fasciitis is the term commonly used to refer to heel and arch pain traced to an inflammation on the bottom of the foot. More specifically, plantar fasciitis is an inflammation of the connective tissue, called plantar fascia, that stretches from the base of the toes, across the arch of the foot, to the point at which it inserts into the heel bone. Overpronation is the most common cause of plantar fasciitis. As the foot rolls inward excessively when walking, it flattens the foot, lengthens the arch, and puts added tension on the plantar fascia. Over time, this causes inflammation.

Also known as heel spur syndrome, the condition is often successfully treated with conservative measures, such as the use of anti-inflammatory medications, ice packs, stretching exercises, orthotic devices, and physical therapy. Note: Please consult your physician before taking any medications. In persistent cases, surgical intervention may be necessary.

So, if you're suffering with heel pain, don't wait for it to become a chronic problem. Contact us today, and we'll get you back, to the activities you love, in no-time. 

 

 

PLANTAR FASCIITIS (heel spur)

Plantar fasciitis is the term commonly used to refer to heel and arch pain traced to an inflammation on the bottom of the foot. More specifically, plantar fasciitis is an inflammation of the connective tissue, called plantar fascia, that stretches from the base of the toes, across the arch of the foot, to the point at which it inserts into the heel bone. Overpronation is the most common cause of plantar fasciitis. As the foot rolls inward excessively when walking, it flattens the foot, lengthens the arch, and puts added tension on the plantar fascia. Over time, this causes inflammation.

Also known as heel spur syndrome, the condition is often successfully treated with conservative measures, such as the use of anti-inflammatory medications, ice packs, stretching exercises, orthotic devices, and physical therapy. Note: Please consult your physician before taking any medications. In persistent cases, Extracorporeal Shock Wave Treatment (ESWT) may be used to treat the heel pain. Schedule an appointment with our podiatrists, if you're suffering with plantar fasciitis.

 

 

ANKLE PAIN

Recurring or persistent (chronic) pain on the outer side of the ankle often develops after an injury, such as a sprained ankle.

The American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society identifies both conservative and surgical treatment methods to alleviate this pain. Conservative treatments include:

  • Anti-inflammatory medications, such as aspirin or ibuprofen to reduce swelling. Note: Please consult your physician before taking any medications.
  • Physical therapy, including tilt-board exercises directed at strengthening the muscles, restoring range of motion, and increasing the perception of joint position.
  • An ankle brace or other support.
  • An injection of a steroid medication.
  • In the case of a fracture, immobilization to allow the bone to heal.
  • Almost half of all people who sprain their ankle once will experience additional ankle sprains and/or chronic pain. You can help prevent chronic pain from developing by following these simple steps:
  • Follow your doctor’s instructions carefully and complete the prescribed physical rehabilitation program.
  • Do not return to activity until cleared by your physician.
  • When you do return to sports, use an ankle brace rather than taping the ankle. Bracing is more effective than taping in preventing ankle sprains.
  • If you wear hi-top shoes, be sure to lace them properly and completely.

Schedule an appointment to be evaluated and to learn more about all of your treatment options.

 

 

ARTHRITIS  - FOOT & ANKLE PAIN

Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis. It is frequently called degenerative joint disease or wear and tear arthritis. Aging usually brings on a breakdown in cartilage, and pain gets progressively more severe. Dull, throbbing nighttime pain is characteristic, and may be accompanied by muscle weakness or deterioration.  Many of these symptoms can be relieved with rest. Overweight people are particularly susceptible to osteoarthritis. The additional weight contributes to the deterioration of cartilage and the development of bone spurs.

Rheumatoid arthritis is a major crippling disorder and the most serious form of arthritis. It is a complex, chronic inflammatory group of diseases, often affecting more than a dozen smaller joints during its course. In the foot, it frequently affects both ankles and toes.

  • Arthritis of the foot and ankle can be treated in many ways, including:
  • Physical therapy and exercise.
  • Anti-inflammatory medication and/or steroid injections into the affected joint. Note: Please consult your physician before taking any medications.
  • Orthotics or specially prescribed shoes.

Schedule an appointment with our podiatrists for a comprehensive evaluation.

 

 

BALL OF FOOT PAIN

Calluses are the most common source of pain on the ball of the foot. Treatment consists of periodic trimming or shaving the callus, padding the shoes to remove the pressure, using shoe orthotics, or, in severe cases, surgery.

Pain in the ball of the foot not associated with calluses can be a result of inflammation of a tendon in the toe, arthritis, inflammation of the joint, or a neuroma. Stiffness in the big toe and big toe joint (Hallux Limitus and Hallux Rigidus) and sesamoiditis, an inflammation of two small bones under the big toe joint, are also conditions that lead to pain in the ball of the foot.

While treatments vary based on the condition and individual case, techniques for reducing pain in the ball of the foot include:

  • Physical therapy and exercise.
  • Over-the-counter or prescription pain and/or anti-inflammatory medications.
  • Orthotics or specially prescribed corrective shoes.
  • Cortisone injections.
  • Proper shoe wear.

Foot pain in the ball of the foot, the area between the arch and toes, is generally referred to as metatarsalgia. The pain centers on one or more of the five bones (metatarsals) in this mid-portion of the foot.

Premier Ankle & Foot Specialists can provide diagnosis and treatment options. Call today for a consultation.